Opossums (Didelphis virginiana) are 2 to 3.5 feet long (nose to tail), approximately the size of a housecat, and weigh 4 to 14 lbs. It has grayish fur everywhere but on its ears, feet, and tail. Opossums sometimes take shelter in attics and garages with openings for easy entrance. It is a nocturnal mammal feeding on a wide variety of items including fruits, berries, and other plants, insects, earthworms, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and small mammals. Monday – Saturday 10AM – 4PM The 2020 Trail Camera Video Competition has crowned its victors, with an opossum shoving a skunk into a pond stealing the show Body color ranges from whitish-gray or dark gray with a long and pointed face, round hairless ears, and a distinct long hairless tail. Opossums take shelter in abandoned burrows, tree hollows, brush piles, and rock crevices. Body color ranges from whitish-gray or dark gray with a long and pointed face, round hairless ears, and a distinct long hairless tail. Virginia Opossum Video It has a prehensile tail. This behavior is relatively rare and is most frequently displayed in young opossums. The Fairfax County Web site is being translated through "machine translation" powered by Google Translate. Skull Pictures: Dorsal Mandible Lateral Posterior Mandible Ventral. Baby opossums, called joeys, are only about the size of a honeybee when they are born. Litter size in California averaged 7.2 (Reynolds 1952). These marsupials have an elongated snout, and a large sagittal crest – a bone making their forehead look taller. The average litter contains six to nine babies. Check to see if the opossum's eyes have opened. The female produces 20 – 30 litters in February and June but the maximum litter size can reach up to 50. If you’re lucky enough to see one, say hello. An adult Virginia opossum reaches roughly the size of a domestic cat. >>  The Virginia opossum is the only living marsupial from North America. opossum rabies. >>  Virginia opossums are nocturnal (most active at night). Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Marsupialia Order: Di In 1612, the English explorer, John Smith, described it as having the head of a pig, a tail of a rat, and being the size of a cat with baggage under her belly where she carries and suckles her young. Virginia Opossums are 2 to 3 feet (61 to 91 cm) long, plus a tail length of 8 to 13 (20 to 33 cm) inches. Sources vary widely about their weight, with some reporting a range of 4.6 to 6.2 pounds (2.1 to 2.8 kg) and others as high as 8.8 to 13.2 pounds (4 to 6 kg). Their faces are white with a long pink nose, black eyes, and black ears. Opossums hold the distinction of being the only marsupials in North America. Average Lifespan in the Wild: 1-2 years. Virginia opossums are famous for entering a defensive catatonic state, commonly known as “going opossum”. Adult males are bigger than females. They measure 13–37 in (35–94 cm ) long from their snout to the base of the tail, with the tail adding another 8.5–19 in (21.6–47 cm). Breeding season brings on two major consequences. The opossum has been around for at least 70 million years and is one of Earth's oldest surviving mammals! About the size of a typical house cat, Virginia opossums are the largest species of opossum. The Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) measures 33 – 50 centimetres (13 – 20 inches) in length and weighs around 2 – 5.5 kilograms (4.5 – 12 pounds). Virginia Opossums are 2 to 3 feet (61 to 91 cm) long, plus a tail length of 8 to 13 (20 to 33 cm) inches. Males are usually larger and heavier than females. Virginia opossums are often seen as pests and in many states, it is illegal to keep this species as a pet. At birth each newborn opossum is about the size of a honeybee, 14 mm (0.6 in) in length, weighs 0.16 g (0.0056 oz), and is pink to translucent in color. The young are born about 12 to 13 days after fertilization, from February through July. They will utilize just about any sheltered location for a den including hollows in trees and fallen logs, rock cavities, brush piles, and the burrows of other animals. They are about 2.5 feet (76 centimeters), nose to tail, and weigh 8.8 to 13.2 lbs. Their underfur is usually whitish and tipped in black, but their coloration varies throughout their range. In captivity however they can live up to 4 years. The Virginia Opossum is about 2.5 feet (76 cm) long, including its foot-long, hairless, prehensile (grasping) tail. About the size of a typical house cat, Virginia opossums are the largest species of opossum. >>  When opossums are attacked, they will “play possum,” pretending that they are dead; they remain still, they do not blink, and their tongue hangs out. It can use its tail to hang from tree branches, and it has paws with opposable "thumbs." These marsupials are great climbers. The female will raise one or two litters each year, with the first one generally in February and the second in June. Opossums breed February through June. Opossums are omnivorous. For information on managing wildlife interactions and resolving human-wildlife conflicts, the Virginia Wildlife Conflict Helpline is available toll-free at (855) 571-9003, 8:00AM-4:30PM, Monday through Friday.This helpline is a collaborative effort between the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries and the U.S. Department of Agriculture - Wildlife Services. Virginia opossums are often seen as pests and in many states, it is illegal to keep this species as a pet. It has two color phases — (1) grayish and (2) blackish; basal fourth or more of tail black, terminal section whitish; legs and feet blackish, toes often white or whitish. Virginia opossums can live as long as 2 years in the wild. - Natalie Angier. Opossums are the only marsupial in North America and mothers carry their babies in a pouch for 7 to 8 weeks. They have opposable thumbs on their hind legs which help them climb trees. The average litter size is between six and nine babies. Denning sites are changed frequently. Reproduction: In California, the Virginia opossum mates in January-February and June-July. These may be under-estimates, as some sources claim Virginia opossums’ body weight ranges from 3 to 6 kg. Most opossums are around the size of a housecat. Note if the opossum is still drinking its mother's milk, if you are observing it in the wild. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), also known as possum, is both a benefit and a nuisance to landowners. Two to three litters a year are born after a gestation period of only 12 to 13 days. They have scaly feet, and a scaly prehensile tail. The Virginia or American opossum, sometimes referred to as the possum, is the only marsupial that lives wild in the United States. The opossum uses its prehensile tail to bring nesting material such as leaves, grass, and other material into the den. >>  Is it Opossum or just plain Possum? An adult Virginia opossum reaches roughly the size of a domestic cat. The common opossum, also known as the Virginia opossum, is a somewhat maligned but fascinating creature. Weight for males ranges from 1.7 to 14 lb (0.8–6.4 kg) and for females from 11 ounces to 8.2 lb (0.3–3.7 kg). Opossums inhabit open meadows and grasslands, wooded areas near streams or ponds, suburban and urban areas of Fairfax County. The Virginia opossum is about the size of a cat. The opossum is usually about the size of a large cat, with an adult weighing in around 4-6 kegs (8.8-13.2 lbs) and are usually around 2.5 feet (76 centimeters) in length from nose to tail. Of the 100+ opossum species in the world, the most common and recognizable in the United States is the Virginia opossum. They have pink nose and narrow snout. The Virginia Opossum is about 2.5 feet (76 cm) long, including its foot-long, hairless, prehensile (grasping) tail. Opossums eat just about anything. Remove all graphics and images from the website so that only the text and links are visible. A natural diet includes berries, plants, grains and nuts, insects, birds, small mammals, and carrion. Didelphis virginiana - Virginia opossum. The Virginia opossum is about the size of a large house cat. The young are born about 12 to 13 days after fertilization, from February through July. They are small to medium in size and have mixed black, gray, and white fur. The female will raise one or two litters each year, with the first one generally in February and the second in June. >>  The young are about the size of a bee when they are born. They have five toes on each foot, the “big toe” on the hind foot lacks a claw but is an opposable thumb, and a pouch for young develops during breeding season on the female. Learn its characteristics, behavior, habitat, diet, benefits and uses, and damage and control techniques. This tale came about because of the unusual bifurcated (forked) penis of the male opossum. Males are usually larger than females. Opossums are about the size of a house cat, have long naked tails and small ears. 12000 Government Center Pkwy Virginia opossums have robust bodies and short legs with sharp claws. Males are typically larger than females. In general, their home range size is thought to be about 12.5 to 38.8 hectares; females generally have a smaller home range. Unlike most wild animals, the opossum flourishes in urban areas, and the presence of human settlements actually serves to increase the opossum’s habitat and population size. 35-94 cm The Virginia opossum is the only marsupial found in North America north of Mexico. The tail of the Virginia Opossum is 10”-12” (25-30 cm) in length. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is North America’s only marsupial. Those young failing to find a teat will perish. in length, from nose to tail An average soccer ball is 8.65 inches tall. 2, 5, 29, 30. It is common in the eastern USA and has spread north and west. Virginia Opossums have a typical lifespan … Although there is some disagreement regarding sexual dimorphism, adult male Virginia opossums tend to be slightly larger than adult females. It has a triangular head and a long, pointed nose. Adult opossums can range in size from 24 to 33 inches and they weigh between 6 and 15 pounds with the males generally being slightly larger than the females. Opossums are primarily nocturnal and are omnivorous, opportunistic hunters and foragers. They have five toes on each foot, the “big toe” on the hind foot lacks a claw but is an opposable thumb, and a pouch for young develops during breeding season on the female. Opossums are naturally shy and solitary animals. They also scavenge on carrion (animals that are already dead). Virginia Opossum Video . Unlike most wild animals, the opossum flourishes in urban areas, and the presence of human settlements actually serves to increase the opossum’s habitat and population size. Virginia opossums will have a long breeding season ranging from December to October next year. The Virginia Opossum is about 2.5 feet (76 cm) long, including its foot-long, hairless, prehensile (grasping) tail. A prehensile tail is adapted for grasping and wrapping around things like tree limbs. Al­though there is some dis­agree­ment re­gard­ing sex­ual di­mor­phism, adult male Vir­ginia opos­sums tend to be slightly larger than adult fe­males. To change the language of this website, click the drop-down list and select the desired language. Males are usually larger than females. This page is dedicated to the anatomy and misc medical issues of the Virginia Opossum. Opossums that young can be very difficult to keep alive, but I know a number of rehabbers who have been very successful raising pinkies. Contactez votre entreprise pour acquérir une licence pour cette image. Virginia Opossums breed two or three times each year, from February through September. Contrary to popular belief, only juvenile opossums are light enough to use their tails to hang upside down. Litters often number more than the available teats. Basic Anatomy: The purpose of these pages is to show miscellaneous pictures of opossum anatomy as well as some their medical issues. Each foot has five digits with all but the first digit on the hind foot having claws. It is familiar to many North Americans as it is often seen near towns, rummaging through garbage cans, or as roadkill. An opossum is about the size of a house cat.It has grizzled white and gray fur. Opossums are nocturnal. Eventually as they ride about on the mother’s back they begin to fall off and are then left to fend for themselves. The babies climb up the mother's fur and into her pouch where they find a teat. While giving birth, the female adopts a sitting posture and licks the fur of the abdomen and pouch. Opossums are covered with long grey to black … omnivore. They are small to medium in size and have mixed black, gray, and white fur. It has short legs and an opposable big toe which is clawless. A prehensile tail is adapted for grasping and w… Between two and four months of age, they may ride on their mother's back and are dependent on the mother for help in finding food and shelter. The reason opossums have so many babies to insure that some of them survive. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is the only marsupial found north of Mexico. Litters are produced in two peak periods: January-March and May-July. The Virginia opossum is about the size of a large house cat. Virginia opossums Didelphis virginiana are the only marsupial (mammals with a pouch) in North America. It has a triangular head and a long, pointed nose. They sleep during the day in a den in a hollow tree or in an abandoned rodent burrow. Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) History and Status Habitats & Habits Description The Virginia opossum is a unique animal in North Carolina. Gestation is approximately 2 weeks. virginia opossum {{purchaseLicenseLabel}} {{restrictedAssetLabel}} {{buyOptionLabel(option)}} Vous avez un accès en affichage seulement dans le cadre de ce contrat Premium Access. It has a long, hairless, prehensile tail, a robust body and short legs with sharp claws. {{selectAgreementHeader}} {{selectedOption.friendlyName}} Toutes les licences libres de droits … Then again, Captain Cook used the term opossum way back in 1770 in Australia. Young opossums ride on their mother’s back for 2 to 3 weeks and wean at 3 to 4 months. Monday - Saturday 10AM - 5PM Physical Description: Adult opossums can range in size from 24 to 33 inches and they weigh between 6 and 15 pounds with the males generally being slightly larger than the females. The young opossums are incredibly small at birth, about the size of a honeybee, each weighing on… The most notable is the Virginia opossum or common opossum—the only marsupial (pouched mammal) found in the United States and Canada. Well, technically these American animals are opossums. It is very and is an extremely adaptable animal, often living in very close proximity to man. The young opossums remain attached to the teat for about 2 months. They crawl along a pathway licked by the mother from the genital opening to the pouch and then attach themselves to one of the teats, which usually average 13 in number. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the only species of North American marsupial.It is sometimes called a possum, but that refers more correctly to a group of Australian marsupials.. The penis of the male opossum is "bifurcated" or split on the end. It is only the size of a domestic cat weighing up to 15 pounds. Facts about possums often include claims that they are disease-carrying dangerous creatures. A Virginia opossum female may have as many as 25 babies, but she usually will have between seven to eight. The Virginia opossum is about the size of a cat. So, the answer is yes. food. Sunday 12PM - 5PM, Wildlife Clinic Hours It has grayish fur everywhere but on its ears, feet, and tail. Seventeen studies (Gardner 1982) reported litter sizes ranging from 6.3-10.0. Litter size in California averaged 7.2 (Reynolds 1952). Description. Opossums pose little threat to humans, their property or pets. They have long, hairless, prehensile tails and feet with an opposable hallux (or thumb) that help them hold on to branches. Females have a furlined pouch on their abdomen into which these tiny, under-developed young crawl. Read on to learn about the opossum. Informally, most folks just call them ‘possums. The opossum's nose or muzzle is long, pointed, and rather flat, and its ears are thin and hairless The prehensile tail of the Virginia opossum is long, scaly, and completely almost completely hairless. These animals, around the size of a small cat, have 50 teeth. Virginia opossums will have a long breeding season ranging from December to October next year. However, adult size varies greatly: males tend to be larger than females, northern specimens outgrow those in the tropics and the Virginia opossums living near urban areas tend to be heavier than their rural counterparts. Fairfax, VA 22035. The opossum can hang from its tail for a short time. During this death feigning behavior the animal becomes motionless, this behavior may last as little as a minute, or it may continue up to 6 hours. The opossum is found throughout most of the eastern United States and has expanded its range to the north and to the west. Read on to learn about the opossum. This act often makes the attacker lose interest in the opossum. Gestation is 12.5-13 days. The opossum has a long, pointed face with black eyes, long whiskers and a distinctive pink nose. A marsupial is an animal with a pouch, like a kangaroo or a koala. 2, 5, 29, 30. Sources vary widely about their weight, with some reporting a range of 4.6 to 6.2 pounds (2.1 to 2.8 kg) and others as high as 8.8 to 13.2 pounds (4 to 6 kg). Opossums have short legs relative to their body size. Litters are produced in two peak periods: January-March and May-July. The litter size may range from five to 13 young, the average size being eight. Most opossums are around the size of a housecat. Opossums belong to the Didelphidae family (New World Opossums). Reproduction: In California, the Virginia opossum mates in January-February and June-July. The opossum is adept at climbing, running and swimming at a relatively slow and deliberate pace. The Virginia opossum is a small mammal about the size of a house cat with a long, pointed nose, black hairless ears, dark eyes and a nearly hairless tail adapted to grasping objects (called “prehensile”). (4 to 6 kilograms), according to National Geographic . Opossums begin breeding in late winter and early spring. This trait is true of all marsupials. In the United States, it is typically referred to simply as a possum. Opossums are cat-sized mammals with a pointed snout, grayish fur, small ears, and a long, scaly tail. Scientific Name: Didelphis virginiana Common Name(s): Virginia Opossum, Possum Identification: Virginia opossums Didelphis virginiana are the only marsupial (mammals with a pouch) in North America. As a marsupial, they carry and nurse their young in a pouch after birth—just like kangaroos and koalas! This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. General Admission Its ears are hairless, black, and tipped or edged with white. There are around 60 species of Opossums, most are the size of a domestic cat or smaller. The opossum is about the size of a large house cat. In a few months they will reproduce and continue the fascinating life cycle of the Virginia opossum. Their rather distant marsupial relatives in Australia and New Zealand are technically possums. They have five toes on each foot, the “big toe” on the hind foot lacks a claw but is an opposable thumb, and a pouch for young develops during breeding season on the female. Virginia opossums can live as long as 2 years in the wild. Opossums are about the size of small dogs. Adults are the size of an average house cat, weighing six to 15 pounds, and are 24 to 33 inches in length (body and tail). Didelphis virginiana - Virginia opossum. Opossum skeleton. White hair covers its face, and its body is a sparse, coarse grizzle … Size. Below, we look at 2 species of Opossum – the Virginia Opossum and the Water Opossum. The Virginia opossum breeds in late January to early July, after which the female constructs a nest in the hollow of a tree or an abandoned burrow. ), snails, mice, rats, plants, small lizards and snakes. It eats insects, lizards, mice, snails, earthworms, fruit, nuts, seeds, grasses, and carrion (dead meat that it finds, like road kill). Opossums are active year-round but often den up when the weather is extremely cold. (ZooKeys / T.E. The Virginia opossum is the most commonly known opossum. Their faces are white with a long pink nose, black eyes, and black ears. About the size of a Virginia opossum, the 3.1 kg Adalatherium was very large for its day. Their tails are rat-like and prehensile, meaning they can grasp items and aid in climbing. They roam around at night in search of food: insects (even cockroaches! Opossums have white fur tipped with gray or black and white guard hairs. An opossum eating solid food with its mother is likely to be 3 to 5 months old, while a opossum … They have coarse, greyish fur, whitish faces with long, pointed snouts, naked, round ears, and beady eyes. >>  Opossums do not hibernate, but during very cold weather they may nest in a hollow log or abandoned burrow for several days at a time. Description of the Opossum. Opossums remain in the mother's pouch until they are two months old. The young are weaned at approximately 3 months of age and are on their own at 4 1/2 – 5 months when they are approximately 7-9 inches long from nose to rump, excluding the tail. The species is polyestrous, with an estrous cycle of 22-38 days. Scientific Name of the Virginia Opossum: Didelphis virginiana. However, the Center for Disease Control reports that in the United States, the vast majority of recorded rabies cases come from the bite of 4 animals - raccoons, skunks, foxes and bats. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the only marsupial native to the United States. Virginia Opossum Description. The size of a house cat, males average about 3 kg (6.6 pounds), females about 2 kg (4.4 pounds). One of the coolest common opossum facts is that newborn opossum babies are only about the size of a raisin! In captivity however they can live up to 4 years. The Virginia opossum is North America's only marsupial. These animals, around the size of a small cat, have 50 teeth. >>  They are often mentioned in folklore and other stories, resulting in many interesting but common misconceptions. The young are largely undeveloped at birth except for their mouth and front legs. A marsupial is an animal with a pouch. Below, explore facts about the Virginia opossum including its habits and how to identify damage. They are about 2.5 feet (76 centimeters), nose to tail, and weigh 8.8 to 13.2 lbs. $10 Adults | $7 Seniors (Ages 65+) & Students (Ages 13 -18) | $6 Children (Ages 3 -12) | Children 2 & under are free. The Virginia or American opossum, sometimes referred to as the possum, is the only marsupial that lives wild in the United States. (4 to 6 kilograms), according to National Geographic. Size and also color variation between opossums may depend on the habitat they are residing in. The Virginia opossum is the most commonly known opossum. The Virginia opossum is North America's only marsupial. It has a prehensile tail. Opossums have short legs relative to their body size. Virginia Opossums have a shoulder height of 8”-11” (20-28 cm), body length between 14”-19” (36-48 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 4-14 lb (2-6 kg). Not long after this, they begin to move around within the pouch and may leave the pouch briefly to climb about on the mother’s back when they are around 3 months old. 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