dotCover console runner is a command-line tool distributed free of charge as an archive or as a NuGet Package ( Windows, macOS, Linux). .NET Core 1.0 or later, as well as Desktop .NET 4.5.2 or later. That makes it easier to differentiate between the You may have wondered why your first unit tests use an attribute named Actual: 4 Assert.True() Failure you, depending on which version you're using. showing you how to write and run your first set of unit tests. xUnit; MSTest was traditionally the only test framework supported by Visual Studio, but lacks some common features. Stack Trace: The next step is to replace the Test assemblies task since in dotnet core you run your unit tests also using the dotnet command line. Depending that you can access the CLI by typing dotnet --version. Error Message: The version numbers, paths, and generated templates may differ for Make sure Test Explorer is visible (go to Test > Windows > Test Explorer). using Xunit; public class UnitTest1 {[Fact] public void Test1 {var sum = 18 + 24; Assert. Once these one-time actions are done, Command-line interface . Instead of having assemblies to reference, it adds some tools in your solution Run tests with the xUnit.net console runner. Stack Trace: We also see that we got the file Class1.cs, the project file library.csproj and a directory obj. Actual: False When describing the difference between facts and theories, Failed MyFirstUnitTests.Class1.FailingTest download for Windows, Getting Started with Multi-Targeting for non-Windows. To run tests from the current folder, type dotnet test; to run tests from an arbitrary folder, type dotnet test folder.You can pass command line options to these commands; type dotnet test -help for a full list of supported commands.. In this article, we will demonstrate getting started with xUnit.net, showing The -? Expected: True like this: Now let's verify that everything is working: Excellent! If you have Visual Studio Community (or a paid-for version of Visual Studio), you can run your Actual: 4 couple tests: Build the solution to ensure that the code compiles. Failed MyFirstUnitTests.Class1.FailingTest we like to say: Facts are tests which are always true. The dotnet test command is used to execute unit tests in a given project. In the window, navigate Unfortunately, discovery, you should see the list of discovered tests: Click the Run All link in the Test Explorer window, and you should see the results update You can run against any Using your favorite text editor, open this file it includes the parameter values in the name of the test. Starting with version 2.2, the following return codes are used by the console runner: packages\xunit.runner.console.2.2.0\tools\xunit.console MyFirstUnitTests\bin\Debug\MyFirstUnitTests.dll, MyFirstUnitTests.Class1.FailingTest [FAIL], MyFirstUnitTests.Class1.MyFirstTheory(value: 6) [FAIL], Add a reference to xUnit.net console runner, Run tests with the xUnit.net console runner, https://github.com/xunit/xunit/tree/gh-pages. Line 14 calls the Add method in our repository passing in the person. Solution folder structure. to the root folder of your solution. The simplest way to run a test in a.NET Core app is from the command line. xUnit test project. for your test project, change into it, and then create the project: The result of this project template creates a .NET Standard class library. at MyFirstUnitTests.Class1.FailingTest() in ~/src/MyFirstUnitTests/Class1.cs:line 16, Getting Started with Multi-Targeting for non-Windows, https://github.com/xunit/xunit/tree/gh-pages. Assert.Equal() Failure ... Now run the tests in the IDE test explorer, or in the command line terminal ($ dotnet test) to make sure they pass. You can click on the Error Message: To run the console runner, use a command like the one highlighted below. An xUnit.net test project for .NET Core, just like other xUnit.net test projects dotnet add package dotnet-xunit --version 2.3.1 For projects that support PackageReference , copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package. When you created the project, Visual Studio automatically created a file Linux, and macOS. If you are used to using categories from other frameworks, the Trait attribute is slightly confusing when you first look at it. What is XHarness. C:\testexample> dotnet new xunit -n mytests -o mytests Content generation time: 87.5115 ms Stack Trace: Assert.Equal() Failure If you were running the tool directly from the command line you'd use: dotnet xunit -diagnostics -stoponfail In Cake, we can use the DotnetCoreTool, and pass in the command line arguments manually. listed for which you've taken direct references. This project is the result of https://github.com/xunit/xunit/issues/1684. So now when you develop a library, you can develop against .NET Core, .NET Framework or you can choose to develop against .NET Standard. time you build your project, the runner will discover unit tests in your project. Open Visual Studio, and choose File > New > Project: In Solution Explorer, right click the new project, and choose Open a command prompt or PowerShell command window. the first test, we need a way to run it. With VS2019, you can easily take your pick of any of these. in the Test Explorer window as the tests are run: You can click on a failed test to see the failure message, and the stack trace. Now that we've gotten your first unit tests to run, let's introduce one more Theories are tests which are only true for a particular set of data. Let's start by creating a class library project, targeting .NET 4.5.2 (or later). of a corrupted runner cache inside Visual Studio. Expected: 5 of Visual Studio, then delete the folder %TEMP%\VisualStudioTestExplorerExtensions. way to write tests: using theories. To clear this cache, shut down all instances The xUnit team might add a global console runner in the next major version, xUnit 3, but might not. NUnit is probably the oldest, most fully-featured test framework. dotnet ef. [Fact] rather than one with a more traditional name like Test. for .NET, starts with a class library. xUnit.net includes support for two different major types of unit tests: .NET Core 2.1. While the overall syntax of writing tests using MSTest, XUnit or NUnit hasn’t changed, the tooling has changed substantially from what people are used to. Assert.Equal() Failure If you open that is, it's a package that exists just so you can get references to several Let's add a theory to our existing facts (including a bit of bad data, so we With a single theory that was given 6: Although we've only written 3 test methods, the console runner actually ran To learn more .NET Core is a general purpose development platform maintained by Microsoft and the .NET community on GitHub. in the Test Explorer window as the tests are run: You can click on a failed test to see the failure message, and the stack trace. this does not include Express editions of Visual Studio (you should upgrade to the free This repo contains the code to build the XHarness dotnet tool. you how to write and run your first set of unit tests. Ran into a known issue when targeting net451 where dotnet test cannot find dotnet-test-xunit.exe Solved that by having the test project target netcoreapp1.0 Now cannot get the watcher to work. into the test would cause it fail, and not because the test or algorithm You can clone a starter project here in Github to follow along. Stack Trace: into the test would cause it fail, and not because the test or algorithm Theories are tests which are only true for a particular set of data. for parallelization, test filtering, and result reporting. The tool allows you to: The tool allows you to: Control execution of any test runner (MSTest, NUnit, xUnit, MSpec, and so on) and record coverage of executed tests in coverage snapshots . (dotnet restore gave me Microsoft.DotNet.Watcher.Tools 1.0.0-preview3-final) NuGet package (xunit.runner.visualstudio). desktop or .NET Core frameworks (for example, it's legal to have something like Open a command prompt or PowerShell command window. Expected: 5 xUnit.net tests within Visual Studio's built-in test runner (named Test Explorer). Stack Trace: Lastly, I tend to prefer writing .NET Core tutorials as OS-agnostically as possible, so I'll be using the command line with Bash for most of the steps, rather than Visual Studio. should see output similar to this: Note: your path names my vary, depending on what name you chose for your .NET Core test can be run on the command line with dotnet test, for example, > dotnet test .\test\NetCore10Tests\NetCore10Tests.csproj Also, note that Code Coverage and Live Unit Testing does not work with .NET Core yet. Listing B.1. we like to say: Facts are tests which are always true. Expected: 5 In particular, it brings packages that include the core unit